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Panel 112: Europeanization and Beyond? Beyond Europeanization?
10:50am - 12:20pm
Session Chair: Paula Lamoso González, Autonomous University Madrid
Location:THD Institute Room
Europeanization and Beyond? Beyond Europeanization?
Chair(s): Paula Lamoso (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)
Academic research on “Europeanization” has developed considerably since its study began in the early 1990s, focused mainly on analyzing the impact of EEC/later EU membership on national politics, policies and polities. Over time, this academic debate got further enriched with new conceptual tools like “downloading”, “uploading”, and “crossloading” –also applied to the impact of Europeanization on national foreign policies. More recently, the concept of Europeanization itself has been questioned, and, especially as a result of the world financial and economic crisis, there has also been talk of a de-Europeanization process – defined as: ´the loss or weakening of the EU/Europe as a normative/political context and as a reference point in domestic settings and national public debates´ (Aydın-Düzgit/Kaliber 2016: 5). The proposed panel will consider the above issues and try to offer a fresh assessment of the continued relevance or otherwise of Europeanization in EU foreign policy analysis.
Presentations of the Symposium
(De) Europeanisation and (Re) Nationalisation of European Foreign Policies
Karolina Pomorska1, Ben Tonra2 1University of Leiden, 2University College Dublin
The concept of Europeanisation has a long genealogy within European Studies. Notwithstanding critiques of vagueness, confusion as to dependent and independent variables and allegations of concept stretching, the idea that national public policies have adapted and are adapting to transnational European norms and modes of behaviours is pervasive. The application of the concept to European foreign policies is of more recent vintage but has focused on operational concepts such as uploading, downloading and cross loading. While Europeanisation never assumed a unidirectional trajectory and was never about ‘federalisation’, we have seen in recent years claims of both de Europeanisation and re nationalisation of European foreign policies. This paper addresses these phenomena in both conceptual and empirical terms. Conceptually it asks whether this development can best be defined as the structural disintegration of collective policy making institutions, the reconstruction of professional diplomatic roles in exclusively/predominantly national terms and/or the repudiation of well-defined and established foundational norms. Empirically, it tests these hypotheses against contemporary experience in several EU member states.
European parliamentary networks in the scrutiny of security policy-making
Daniel Schade1, Stelios Stavridis2 1Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, 2ARAID/Universidad de Zaragoza
The Europeanisation of foreign and security policy-making through the EU’s CFSP and the CSDP has, in turn, also led to a gradual Europeanisation of the activity of national parliaments on this matter, and has culminated in the creation of a dedicated interparliamentary conference (IPC) since the Lisbon Treaty. Rather than focusing on institutional aspects and primary functions of this novel institution that is dominant in the existing literature on this matter, this paper is interested in whether the IPC and related gatherings contribute to the creation of a European network of parliamentarians involved in foreign and security policy-making. It does so through an analysis of attendance patterns at IPC meetings and linking them to attendance at other interparliamentary gatherings related to similar policy areas (NATO/OSCE Parliamentary Assemblies). In so doing the paper is able to address whether and how such gatherings contribute to increasing linkages between parliamentarians and can identify distinctive patterns between aspects such as country, party or parliamentary chamber related factors. By combining empirical and analytical approaches to this phenomenon this paper contributes to an increasing debate not only on the merits of an Europeanization of parliamentary activity through interparliamentary conferences under the auspices of the EU, but also to a growing literature on the democratic control of foreign policy-making both at the national and the EU levels.