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Panel 411: European Space Policy - Business, Social Sciences and Sustainability in space
10:50am - 12:20pm
Session Chair: Thomas Christian Hoerber, ESSCA School of Management
European Space Policy - Business, Social Sciences and Sustainability in space
Chair(s): Thomas Hoerber (ESSCA School of Management, France)
This panel will cover aspects of European space policies, addressing new business ventures and opportunities in space, the way space is
Presentations of the Symposium
Private and Public Actors in Space: How to Create a Sustainable Governance Framework for Space!
Helene Dyrhauge Roskilde University
Space is no longer just for public research and exploration more companies want to explore space some of these participate in public projects in different ways, for example trying to grow tomatoes in space, whilst others have their own agendas, such as Richard Branson who wants to develop space tourism and Elon Musk who wants to populate Mars. Overall, these private and public initiatives lead to more activities in space, which create space junk and pollution. Simultaneously, the Treaty on Outer Space sets out nine guiding principles on international space law that emphases governance of the shared commons without national appropriate and to the benefit of all countries, where individual states are responsible for space exploration and the treaty does not mention the role of private enterprises. This begs the question of how should we govern space in a time where there are more private enterprises involved. This paper looks at the increased number of private actors in space exploration and discuss its implications for governing sustainability in space.
Interdisciplinarity and Space
Lorna Ryan City University of London
Space, and European space policy, is a relatively neglected area of research in the social sciences and humanities (SSH). The obverse is true for technical space research, confirmed in a recent monitoring report on the integration of social sciencesand humanities (SSH) in the main EU programme for research and technological development, HORIZON 2020 (European Commission 2018). The lack of engagement of SSH in space research is surprising given EU support for mainstreaming SSH research across the H2020programme. Space research exists within a wider context of the promotion of interdisciplinarity that is understood as part of a new way of doing science. The European Research Area, a cornerstone of the Europe 2020 Strategy ‘s Innovation Union Flagship Initiativeaims inter alia to strengthen the scientific and technological bases of the Member States as well as their capacity to address grand societal challenges. The resolution of these grand challenges has routinely been presented as requiring interdisciplinarity.This paper considers the implications of the calls for interdisciplinary research in the space field drawing on a three-fold typology of modes, developed by Andrew Barry and Georgina Born (2013): integrative-synthesis mode; subordination mode and agnostic-antagonisticmode. It seeks to present a statement of interdisciplinarity between SSH and technical space research, considering the next framework programme for research, HORIZON EUROPE.
International Legal Framework, Diplomacy and ISS Security Issues
ESSCA School of Manament
On the 30th of August 2018 an air leak was detected on the International Space Station on the Russian module, forcing the crew present in the ISS at that moment (two Russians astronauts, three Americans and a German from the European Space Agency) to look for the leak and fix it. Although this technical problem apparently did not put in actual danger their life, it was enough serious to open doors to a wide range of speculations about the possible cause. Besides the sabotages discourses that inevitably appeared in the media, and the revival of the space debris debate, an official investigation both from the Russian and US side was launched. The International Space Station agreement and the related implementing instruments provide of course the legal framework for this kind of procedures. In addition to that, diplomacy in the context of international collaboration projects in dangerous environments such as the space activities plays an important role. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate this case and determine to what extent it can constitute a significant precedent of (joint?) management of hazardous situations occurring during space activities. How did the competent authorities address the problem? Can a technical issue become a diplomatic incident? How fragile is international collaboration in space? In addition, the paper will consider the role played of the different institutions involved. Although the European Space Agency was not a primary actor, did it contribute to the management of the case?