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Session Overview
Oral Presentation XIV: "Effects of Parenting Styles on Children’s and Youth’s Emotion Regulatory Brain Development"
Tuesday, 22/Nov/2022:
4:30pm - 4:45pm

Presenting Author: Mirjam Habegger

Location: Auditorium Olivier

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Effects of Parenting Styles on Children’s and Youth’s Emotion Regulatory Brain Development

Mirjam Habegger1,2, Elena Federici1, Plamina Dimanova1,3, Réka Borbás1, Ana Cubillo2, Todd Hare2,3, Nora Raschle1,3

1Jacobs Center for Productive Youth Development, University of Zurich; 2Department of Economics, University of Zurich; 3Neuroscience Center Zurich, University of Zurich and ETH Zurich

Emotion regulatory skills, our aptitude to control the intensity, length or extend of emotional experiences, are crucial for one’s social life. Reduced regulatory skills have been linked to increased risk for psychopathologies of child- and adulthood. The development of emotion regulatory skills and associated brain networks are strongly influenced by early childhood experiences, with primary care givers playing a crucial role. Variations in parenting styles have been linked to changes in well-being and emotion regulatory brain functions and structures (e.g., within amygdala, hippocampus, and prefrontal cortex). Here, we investigate how parenting styles are associated with the development of the emotion regulatory brain network during early childhood and test long-term effects of early parenting on later brain structure. Preliminary multiple regression results in 41 children (ages 7-15) reveal that variations in positive parenting predict about 15% of grey matter volume variance in the amygdala. Next, we will examine the effects of parenting during childhood on later brain structure differences in the emotion regulatory regions measured during late adolescence (age ~21; n=~112). Furthermore, behavioral data available in ~1675 children will be used to investigate the persistency of parenting styles from childhood to adolescence using four repeated assessments. Additionally, adolescent’s and parent’s parenting style ratings will be compared. Understanding the mechanisms thriving or disrupting emotion regulatory behavioral and brain development may further our understanding of healthy developmental trajectories and those associated with psychological dysfunctions throughout life.

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