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Session Overview
Session
Oral Presentation XII: "How early term birth and social burdens of the family are affecting on development of children`s executive functions? A longitudinal study between 0 and 3 years"
Time:
Tuesday, 22/Nov/2022:
4:15pm - 4:30pm


Presenting Author: Minna R. K. Törmänen

Location: Auditorium Olivier


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Presentations

How early term birth and social burdens of the family are affecting on development of children`s executive functions? A longitudinal study between 0 and 3 years

Minna R. K. Törmänen1, Simone Schaub2, Erich Ramseier3, Christina Koch2, Alex Neuhauser2, Patsawee Rodcharoen2, Isabelle Kalkusch2, Andrea Lanfranchi2

1University of Teacher Education in Special Needs, Zurich, Switzerland; University of Helsinki, Finland; 2University of Teacher Education in Special Needs, Zurich, Switzerland; 3Bern University of Teacher Education, Bern, Switzerland

Children born prematurely are biologically immature and there is growing consensus of their risk of executive deficits and developmental difficulties. Executive functions (EF) is umbrella term for heterogeneous, higher-order cognitive processes that are important for active regulation of thought, emotion and adaptive behavior (Miyake et al, 2000). EF is very sensitive to environmental factors. Earlyterm births have increased and there is lack of research. It has been found that earlyterm predisposes to developmental disability, difficulties in cognitive and language tests and higher rates of SEN (Chan et al., 2016).

ZEPPELIN is Swiss longitudinal intervention study (RCT). It aims to study weather early support has positive impacts on children’s development and parents show improved parenting practices. The family with social burdens needs support with early care and education of their child. Risk factors like limited social support, financial distress, unemployment, or family difficulties make start of parenthood challenging.

The aim of this study is to describe EF development in children with earlyterm (gestational weeks 37–38) (N=69) and on-term births (N=163) between 0-3 years. Main method is Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (BSID-III, 2005). There is lack of EF measurements for toddlers and situation is more complicated with earlyterm children. We hypothesized that BSID-III contains items with EF components based on previous studies (Blasco et al, 2020; Lowe et al, 2009a).

According to our results it was possible to extrapolate EF components from BSID-III in longitudinal manner. However, final analyses will be conducted during autumn 2022. This study is retrospective.



 
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