Conference Agenda

Overview and details of the sessions of this Conference. Please select a date or location to show only sessions at that day or location. Please select a single session for detailed view (with abstracts and downloads if available).

Please note that all times are shown in the time zone of the conference. The current conference time is: 17th Aug 2022, 06:16:06am BST

 
 
Session Overview
Session
Ecology
Time:
Wednesday, 14/July/2021:
9:50am - 11:55am

Session Chair: Paul John Edwards
Location: Meeting Room 1


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Presentations
9:50am - 10:15am
ID: 591 / S_5_1: 1
Full Paper - Oral Presentation
Topic: 6 Ecology: Opportunities from Stabilisation, Erosion Control, Ecological Indicators for verifying River Health (i.e. following interventions) + Design and Management of Wetlands to enhance Biodiversity
Way of Presentation: Pre-Recorded
Keywords: phosphorus limitation, climate change, algae biomass, sediment deposition, antecedent precipitation index

The Effects Of Storm Events On Sediment, Nutrient, And Biofilm Dynamics In A Stream Recovering From Acid Mine Drainage

Natalie A Kruse Daniels1, Jennie Brancho1, Morgan L Vis2

1Environmental Studies Program, Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs, Ohio University, United States of America; 2Environmental and Plant Biology Department, Ohio University, United States of America

This study quantified changes in nutrients, sediment transport, and algal biomass during normal and storm conditions in a treated acid mine drainage stream. Nitrate, sulfate, total reactive phosphorous (TRP), sediment deposition and total suspended solids (TSS) were measured during each sampling event. Biological response was measured by comparing algal biofilm biomass. Antecedent precipitation index (API) was an indicator of runoff potential. As API increased TSS increased, while chlorophyll a, conductivity, and sulfate decreased. TSS, nitrate, and sediment deposition were higher overall during storm events. TRP remained low at all sites during the sample period, suggesting phosphorous limitation.

Bibliography
Anawar HM (2013) Impact of climate change on acid mine drainage generation and contaminant transport in water ecosystems of semi-arid and arid mining areas. Phys Chem Earth 58-60: 13-21
Arar E, Collins GB (1997) In vitro determination of chlorophyll a and phaeophytin a in marine and freshwater algae by fluorescence. 1st ed. USEPA. Office of Research and Development. Cincinnati, Ohio
Chapman BM, Jones DR, Jung RF (1983) Processes controlling metal ion attenuation in acid mine drainage streams. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acia 47: 1957-1973
Hach Company. 2015. Nitrate cadmium reduction method 8192. Loveland, CO
Hach Company. 2018. Sulfate US EPA SulfaVer 4 Method 8051. Loveland, CO
Hach. 2009. DR/820, DR/850, DR/890 Portable datalogging colorimeter instrument manual. 2nd ed. Hach Company 68 pp
Inamdar S, Johnson E, Rowland R, Warner D, Walter R, Merritts D (2017) Freeze-thaw processes and intense rainfall: the one-two punch for high sediment and nutrient loads from mid-Atlantic watersheds. Biogeochem 1-17
Kruse NA, Bowman JR, Mackey AL, McCament B, Johnson KS (2012) The lasting impacts of offline periods in lime dosed streams: a case study in Raccoon Creek, Ohio. Mine Water Environ 31(4): 266-272
Kruse NA, DeRose L, Korenowsky R, Bowman JR, Lopez D, Johnson KS, Rankin E (2013) The role of remediation, natural alkalinity sources, and physical stream parameters in stream recovery. J Environ Manag 128: 1000-1011
Kruse NA, Stoertz MW, Green DH, Bowman JR, Lopez DL (2014) Acidity loading behavior in coal-mined watersheds. Mine Water Environ 33(2): 177-186
Lloyd CEM, Freer JE, Johnes PJ, Collins AL (2016) Using hysteresis analysis of high-resolution water quality monitoring data, including uncertainty, to infer controls on nutrient and sediment transfer in catchments. Sci Tot Environ 543(A): 388-404
Mack, B., J. Skousen, and L. M. McDonald. 2014. Effect of flow rate on acidity concentrations from above-drainage underground mines. Mine Water Environ 34(1): 50-58
Nordstrom DK (2009) Acid rock drainage and climate change. J Geochemical Exploration 100: 97-104
Smucker NJ, Vis ML (2011) Acid mine drainage affects the development and function of epilithic biofilms in streams. J N Am Benthological Soc 30(3): 728-738
Stainton MP, Capel MJ, Armstrong FAJ (1977) The Chemical Analysis of Freshwater. 2nd ed. Fisheries and Environ Canada. Fisheries and Marine Service. Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Welter JR, Fisher SG (2016) The influence of storm characteristics on hydrological connectivity in intermittent channel networks: implications for nitrogen transport and denitrification. Freshwater Bio 61: 1214-1227


10:15am - 10:40am
ID: 653 / S_5_1: 2
Full Paper - Oral Presentation
Topic: 3 Waste Rock &/or Tailings Storage, 6 Ecology: Opportunities from Stabilisation, Erosion Control, Ecological Indicators for verifying River Health (i.e. following interventions) + Design and Management of Wetlands to enhance Biodiversity
Way of Presentation: Pre-Recorded
Keywords: mining waste, technosols, plant growth, soil erosion, rehabilitation

Effects of Vegetation on Erosion in Technosols Produced from Coal Waste

Daniel Campos Moro, Jéssica Weiler, Ivo André Homrich Schneider

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

The aim of this study was to evaluate soil loss by water erosion considering different technosols configurations produced from fine and coarse coal waste and an agricultural soil. All substrates were amended with sewage sludge to obtain 3% organic matter. The study considered two precipitation levels and the presence, or not, of the Medicago sativa (alfafa) and grass. Calculations were carried using the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation. In terms of erosion control, the best configuration was attained with the mixture of coarse and fine waste. The presence of vegetation reduces in almost 100 times soil loss due rainfall.

Bibliography
Firpo, B.A., Weiler, J., Schneider, I.A.H., 2021. Technosol made from coal waste as a strategy to plant growth and environmental control. Energy Geoscience 2, 160-166.
Weiler, J., Firpo, B.A., Schneider, I.A.H., 2018. Coal waste derived soil-like substrate: An opportunity for coal waste in a sustainable mineral scenario. Journal of Cleaner Production 174, 739-745
Weiler, J., Firpo, B.A., Schneider, I.A.H., 2020. Technosol as an integrated management tool for turning urban and coal mining waste into a resource. Minerals Engineering 147, 106179.
WEILER, JÉSSICA; SILVA, ALINE CAPOANI DA ; FIRPO, BEATRIZ ALÍCIA ; FERNANDES, EUNÍRIO ZANETTI ; SCHNEIDER, IVO ANDRÉ HOMRICH . Using static, kinetic and metal mobility procedures to evaluate possibilities of coal waste land disposal at Moatize Mine, Mozambique. REM - INTERNATIONAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL, v. 73, p. 587-596, 2020.


10:40am - 11:05am
ID: 579 / S_5_1: 3
Full Paper - Oral Presentation
Topic: 6 Ecology: Opportunities from Stabilisation, Erosion Control, Ecological Indicators for verifying River Health (i.e. following interventions) + Design and Management of Wetlands to enhance Biodiversity
Way of Presentation: Pre-Recorded
Keywords: mine water, remediation, bird survey, ecology, constructed wetlands

Biodiversity Benefits Of Coal Mine Water Remediation Schemes For Bird Life

Rosie O. Jaques1, Arabella M.L. Moorhouse-Parry2, Richard Carline2, William M. Mayes1, Susan L. Hull1

1University of Hull, United Kingdom; 2The Coal Authority, United Kingdom

Lagoons and reedbeds are established components of mine water treatment systems for iron-rich coal mine drainage. This study coupled British Trust for Ornithology Bird Survey monitoring with habitat survey to assess the presence and usage of two UK coal mine water treatment systems by bird species. Over thirty species were documented at the two sites including four red listed, eight amber listed and eighteen green listed species (under the BTO Birds of Conservation Concern designation). There were statistically significant associations of bird group with habitat types suggesting that a mosaic of habitats at coal mine treatment systems benefits bird diversity.

Bibliography
Recent papers of presenting author:
Mayes WM, Perks MT, Large ARG, Davis JE. Gandy CJ, Orme PAH. Jarvis AP, (2021) Effect of an extreme flood event on solute transport and resilience of a mine water treatment system in a mineralised catchment. Sci. Total Environ. 750: 141693.
Riley AL, MacDonald JM, Burke IT, Renforth P, Jarvis AP, Hudson-Edwards KA, McKie J. Mayes WM. (2020) Legacy iron and steel wastes in the UK: Extent, resource potential, and management futures. J. Geochem. Exp. 219, p.106630.
Macaskie LE, Mayes WM, Sapsford DJ. (2020) Resource Recovery from Wastes: Towards a Circular Economy. Royal Society of Chemistry, ISBN: 978-1-78801-381-9.
Gomes HI, Mayes WM, Whitby P and Rogerson M. (2019) Constructed wetlands for steel slag leachate management: Partitioning of arsenic, chromium, and vanadium in waters, sediments, and plants. J. Environ. Management, 243:30-38.
Watt JAJ, Burke IT, Edwards RA, Malcolm HM, Mayes WM, Olszewska JP, Pan G, Heal KV, Rose NL, Turner SD, Spears BM (2018) Vanadium: a re-emerging environmental hazard, Environ. Sci. Technol. 52: 11973-11974.
Gomes HI, Mayes WM, Baxter HA, Jarvis AP, Stewart DI, Burke IT (2018) Options for managing alkaline steel slag leachate: a life cycle assessment. J. Clean. Prod. 202: 401-412
Mayes WM, Riley A, Gomes HI, Brabham P, Hamlyn J, Pullin H. Renforth P. (2018) Atmospheric CO2 sequestration in iron and steel slag. Environ. Sci. Technol. 52: 7892-7900
Bray AW, Stewart DI, Courtney R, Rout SP, Humphreys PN, Mayes WM, Burke IT, (2017) Sustained bauxite residue rehabilitation with gypsum and organic matter 16 years after initial treatment. Environ. Sci. Technol. 52:152-161.
Deutz P, Baxter H, Gibbs D, Mayes WM, Gomes HI, (2017) Resource recovery and remediation of highly alkaline residues: A political-industrial ecology approach to building a circular economy. Geoforum, 85: 336-344.
Gomes HI, Jones A, Rogerson M, Lisbona D, Greenway G. Burke IT, Mayes WM (2017) Removal and recovery of vanadium from alkaline steel slag leachates with anion exchange resins. J. Environ. Management. 187: 384-392.
Mayes WM, Burke, IT, Gomes HI, Anton AD, Molnár M, Feigl V and Ujaczki E. (2016). Advances in understanding environmental risks of red mud after the Ajka spill, Hungary. J. Sustain. Metallurgy, 2: 332-343.
Gomes HI, Mayes WM, Rogerson M, Stewart D, Burke IT (2016) Alkaline residues and the environment: a review of impacts, management practices and opportunities. J. Clean. Prod., 112: 3571-3582.
Riley AL, Mayes WM (2015) Long term evolution of highly alkaline steel slag drainage waters. Environ. Mon. Ass., 187: 1-16.
Ánton AD, Klebercz, O., Magyar Á, Jarvis AP, Burke IT, Gruiz K, Mayes WM (2014) Geochemical recovery of the Torna–Marcal river system after the Ajka red mud spill, Hungary. Environ. Sci.: Processes & Impacts, 16, 2677-2685.
Mayes WM, Potter HAB, Jarvis AP. (2013) Riverine flux of metals from historically mined orefields in the UK. Water, Air & Soil Pollution, 224: 1425-1433.


11:05am - 11:30am
ID: 655 / S_5_1: 4
Full Paper - Oral Presentation
Topic: 6 Ecology: Opportunities from Stabilisation, Erosion Control, Ecological Indicators for verifying River Health (i.e. following interventions) + Design and Management of Wetlands to enhance Biodiversity
Way of Presentation: Live
Keywords: salinity, Gleyic Fluvic Solonchak, brine wells, halophyte, terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems

Long-time Effect of Ancient Salt Production (Perm Krai, Russia)

Elena Khayrulina, Natalya Mitrakova

Perm State National Research University, Russian Federation

On the territory of the outflow of ancient brine wells in the valley of the Usolka River, soils and vegetation, transformed under the long-term impact of highly mineralized waters on the soil pore, were studied. Brines from ancient brine-lifting wells flow in streams along the soil surface and flow into the Usolka River determining its Na–Cl composition. The study area is characterized by the presence of salt-tolerant plants. Long-term influence of sodium-chloride waters on alluvial soils of the Usolka River led to the formation of a secondary gley sulfate-chloride solonchak (Gleyic Fluvic Solonchak (Loam, Salic)).

Bibliography
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11:30am - 11:55am
ID: 666 / S_5_1: 5
Full Paper - Oral Presentation
Topic: 1 Mine Drainage Chemistry, 2 Passive Treatment Innovation, Bio-Geochemical Systems
Way of Presentation: Pre-Recorded
Keywords: Passive treatment of Acid Mine Drainage; Dispersed Alkaline System; Parys Mountain; Wales

Passive treatment of Acid Mine Drainage at Parys Mountain (Wales): column experiment results

Jose Miguel Nieto1, Tobias Rötting2, Peter Stanley3, Louise Siddorn3, Francisco Macías1, José María Fuentes1, Rafael León1, Riccardo Millán1

1University of Huelva, Spain; 2Golder Associates, United Kingdom; 3Natural Resources Wales, United Kingdom

Two sets of column test have been run for the design of a passive treatment of AMD at Parys Mountain. After 5 weeks of test runs, the two DAS system sets tested promote total metal removal of Fe, Al, Zn and Cu, and high retention / removal of Mn, As, Cd, Co, Cr and Ni by adsorption/coprecipitation processes. Sulfate removal was only efficient in one of the set-up. From the incoming 2340 mg/l of sulfate, the output solution concentration was 543 mg/l. No loss of permeability has been observed during the experiments.

Bibliography
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