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A Multimodal Study on Information Processing Strategies of Interest Contention in Business Dispute Settlement Based on Praat
Tingting Guo, Wanqun Guo, Mengnan Gong, Jinglin Li
1School of Foreign Languages, Zhongyuan University of Technology, China, China, People's Republic of; 2School of Foreign Languages, Zhongyuan University of Technology, China, China, People's Republic of; 3School of Foreign Languages, Zhongyuan University of Technology, China, China, People's Republic of; 4School of Foreign Languages, Zhongyuan University of Technology, China, China, People's Republic of
Interest contention reflects the nature of business dispute settlement. With the changes of different interest orientations and interest demands, litigants could take advantage of different discourse information strategies to express, defend and fight for interests to realize interest contention. At the same time, different prosodic features and multimodal resources are working together to assist litigants’ interest contention. In view of this, under the guidance of the theoretical framework of Discourse Information Theory (DIT), the present study adopts both quantitative and qualitative research methods to analyze the courtroom discourse concerning business dispute settlement. More specifically, the method of discourse information analysis is adopted with the assistance of the Corpus for the Legal Information Processing System (CLIPS), and the prosodic features are analyzed by means of the speech analysis software----Praat. On the basis of the four types of general information processing strategies proposed in the previous relevant studies, the present study finds out another two new types of general information strategies and another twenty-eight sub-strategies. The data analysis shows that litigants’ prosodic features and multimodal resources differ when different general or sub-strategies are utilized in the process of respective interest contention.
How Do French Adults Process Information in Deceptive Speech?
Independent researcher, France
Information-processing in language production is the process of linguistic encoding of a semantic message (Christodoulides, 2016), in which the generation of semantic information precedes syntactic encoding (Fromkin, 1971). Recalling semantic information such as lifetime periods, general events, and event-specific knowledge from autobiographical memory (Conway & Pleydell-Pearce, 2000) has already been widely investigated (Greenwald et al., 1998; Sartori et al., 2008; Steller & Koehnken, 1989). We address this process using micro-semantic analysis, which can be effective in all areas of Forensic Linguistics which use language as a communicative tool.
The aim of our study is to investigate how French adults process information from autobiographical memory in deceptive speech.
Our data comes from videotaped spontaneous oral speech produced by 17 French-speaking adults. The participants were given the task of producing a fake opinion paradigm (Mehrabian, 1971) on their favorite sport. We identified ten information-types such as aptitude, bodily and technical information within the whole body of data. We then categorized them into the three knowledge-types of autobiographical memory in monologues and interactions.
Our results show discrepancies in the frequency of the three knowledge-types of autobiographical memory used in true and deceptive speech. We also found that certain information-types are linguistic-context-dependent while others are systemic. The findings highlight the fact that some information is missing and/or replaced, and other information is nuanced in deception compared to truthful speech.
This study can contribute to a better understanding of deceivers’ cognitive processing, as well as demonstrating the close relationship between language and cognition.