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Session Overview
Session
Paper Session 15: Responsible Production and Consumption of Information [SDGs 9, 10, 12, 13, 16]
Time:
Tuesday, 27/Oct/2020:
4:00pm - 5:30pm

Session Chair: Gary Burnett, Florida State University, United States of America

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Presentations
4:00pm - 4:15pm
ID: 113 / PS-15: 1
Long Papers
Topics: Library and Information Science
Keywords: E-government; Term hierarchy; Spectral clustering; Ontology; Thesaurus; Information retrieval

An Ontology Automation Construction Scheme for Chinese E-government Thesaurus Optimizing

Hao Wang1,2, Wei Zhang1,2, Sanhong Deng1,2, Baolong Zhang1,2

1School of Information Management of Nanjing University, Peoples Republic of China; 2Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Data Engineering and Knowledge Service, Nanjing University, Peoples Republic of China

[Purpose/significance] To optimize the term hierarchy in the manual e-government thesaurus, we combine the mainstream knowledge organization technology to form a complete set of ontology automation construction scheme. [Method/process] We build an e-government knowledge base by using subject words in the Comprehensive E-government Thesaurus as the term set and encyclopedia text as the corpus. The specific work includes the extraction of semantic features from the bag-of-words model, determination of the number of clusters by linear and nonlinear dimensionality reduction, division of terms by spectral clustering, social network analysis to determine the class label, and storing knowledge ontology via OWL. [Result/Conclusion] The recall rate of term hierarchy in the ontology is excellent, indicating the ontology has good knowledge extensibility, and also proving the efficiency of the scheme proposed in this work. Besides, the application model of a term hierarchy in information retrieval can show a richer semantic relation than the original thesaurus to guide the retrieval extension of government information resources.



4:15pm - 4:30pm
ID: 284 / PS-15: 2
Long Papers
Topics: Domain-Specific Informatics
Keywords: Open Government Data (OGD); findability; accessibility; user behaviors; transaction log analysis

Understanding Users’ Accessing Behaviors to Local Open Government Data via Transaction Log Analysis

Fanghui Xiao, Zhendong Wang, Daqing He

University of Pittsburgh, USA

The rapid development of Open Government Data (OGD) and the increasing attention on data use/reuse have stimulated many studies on data-related issues. However, the findability of OGD is still one of the major challenges. Aiming to ameliorate the situation that “data is hard to find”, this paper examines OGD users’ needs and accessing behaviors when interacting with local OGD portals. Transaction log analysis and web content mining were used in order to obtain insights from large groups of OGD users in an unobtrusive manner. Through analyzing transaction log data from three local OGD portals, including Open Data Philly (opendataphilly.org), Western Pennsylvania Regional Data Center (wprdc.org) and Analyze Boston (data.boston.gov), our study shows that users relied on different channels to enter local OGD portals, and such channels have different impacts on user success in finding the sought-after data. We also find that OGD users prefer browsing over searching when inside the portals, the utilization of different browsing entries, and users’ data needs.



4:30pm - 4:45pm
ID: 337 / PS-15: 3
Long Papers
Topics: Archives; Data Curation; and Preservation
Keywords: federal data curation, records schedules, digital preservation

Scientific Data Management in the Federal Government: A Case Study of NOAA and Responsibility for Preserving Digital Data

Adam Kriesberg, Jacob Kowall

Simmons University, USA

In this paper, we examine the ways in which the evolution of federal and agency-specific data management policies has affected and continues to affect the long-term preservation of digital scientific data produced by the United States government. After reviewing the existing literature on the role of archival theory and practice in the preservation of scientific data, we present the case of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to analyze how data management activities at this agency are shaped by legislative mandates as well as both government-wide and agency-specific information-management policies. Through the connected network of law, federal policy, agency policy, and the records schedules which govern recordkeeping practice in the federal government, we propose a number of further questions on how government agencies can effectively provide for the management of scientific data as federal records.



4:45pm - 4:55pm
ID: 232 / PS-15: 4
Short Papers
Topics: Social Media and Social Computing
Keywords: Social Media Users, Information Sharing Behavior, Setting Limits, Influencing Factors

Social Media Users’ Behavior of Setting Limits in Information Sharing: A Heuristic Study Based on WeChat Moments

Guangchun Zheng, Zelong Zhao

Renmin University, People's Republic of China

Social media has become an important platform for users to share information in recent years. A large number of active users are sharing their daily lives and social issues in various platforms. At the same time, an interesting phenomenon is that functions like "three days visible" and "selected contacts visible" are also popular among users. In order to explore the information sharing behavior from the perspective of why users set these limits, we made a 15-day observation on 21 college students' sharing behavior on WeChat Moments and conducted in-depth interviews with 16 of them. The study summarizes the characteristics of users who set different types of limits from the observation. Sixteen factors influencing the behavior of setting limits were identified and categorized into three dimensions: social, psychological and technical.



4:55pm - 5:05pm
ID: 320 / PS-15: 5
Short Papers
Topics: Library and Information Science
Keywords: open data, public libraries, data services, library services, government information

Open Data in Public Libraries: Gauging Activities and Supporting Ambitions

Kaitlin Fender Throgmorton, Bree Norlander, Carole L. Palmer

University of Washington, USA

As the open data movement grows, public libraries must assess if and how to invest resources in this new service area. This paper reports on a recent survey on open data in public libraries across Washington state, conducted by the Open Data Literacy project (ODL) in collaboration with the Washington State Library. Results document interests and activity in open data across small, medium, and large libraries in relation to traditional library services and priorities. Libraries are particularly active in open data through reference services and are beginning to release their own library data to the public. While capacity and resource challenges hinder progress for some, many libraries, large and small, are making progress on new initiatives, including strategic collaborations with local government agencies. Overall, the level and range of activity suggest that Washington state public libraries of all sizes recognize the value of open data for their communities, with a groundswell of libraries moving beyond ambition to action as they develop new services through evolution and innovation.



 
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