Overview and details of the sessions of this conference. Please select a date or location to show only sessions at that day or location. Please select a single session for detailed view (with abstracts and downloads if available).
Paper Session 13: Diverse Populations [SDGs 3, 5, 10, 16]
9:00am - 10:30am
Session Chair: Alison Hicks, University College, London (UCL), United Kingdom
9:00am - 9:15am ID: 141 / PS-13: 1 Long Papers Topics: Data Science; Analytics; and Visualization Keywords: Emotion recognition, Emotion analysis, Online debates
Emotions in Online Debates: Tales from 4Forums and ConvinceMe
Jinfen Li, Lu Xiao
Syracuse University, USA
It is increasingly common for people to debate over various topics through online debate forums. While it has been shown that participants’ emotional states affect debate processes and outcomes, it is unknown how different types of emotions are represented in online debates and what correlations exist between the emotions and other aspects of the debates such as their debate topic. We conduct a large-scale analysis of the emotions in two online debate forums, namely, 4Forums and ConvinceMe. Specifically, we first develop an emotion recognition algorithm that uses multiple channels BLSTM with a feedforward attention mechanism, which outperforms the state-of-the-art emotion recognition algorithm. Next, we label the emotions of each comment in the selected 4Forums and ConvinceMe discussions and analyze various aspects of the emotion’s influence in the online debates. We observe that certain types of emotions are more likely dependent on the debate topic, and the prevalence of different emotions is independent of the individual discussions. We also observe emotion contagion between a comment and the immediately previous comment. We investigate the emotions of different types of respondents are less likely to express joy when they disagree and more likely to express disgust when they attack or disrespect to others.
9:15am - 9:25am ID: 130 / PS-13: 2 Short Papers Topics: Library and Information Science Keywords: Information behavior, narrative technique, older migrants, transition process
Late-Life Immigration, Transition Process, and Information Behavior Among Older Chinese Individuals in Australia
Jia Tina Du1, Fang Xu2
1University of South Australia, Australia; 2Soochow University, China
The study reported in this paper is part of an ongoing project that aims to advance the understanding of older migrants’ information behavior in transition and their resilience in leveraging information and technology to achieve social integration into a new country. Through the lens of transition theory, this research investigates the information behavior of Chinese migrants to Australia at an older age (i.e. late-life migrants), which is little reported in the migrant information behavior literature. Older Chinese migrants’ transition process entailed disconnectedness from previous information practices, perceptions of marginalization and having limited access to resources in English, and construction of new/extended information landscape by participating in ethnic associations and using WeChat for communication.
9:25am - 9:35am ID: 131 / PS-13: 3 Short Papers Topics: Human Computer Interaction (HCI) Keywords: cyberchondria, affective responses, intolerance of uncertainty, e-health literacy, online health information seeking
An Exploration of Determinants of Cyberchondria: A Moderated Mediation Analysis
Han Zheng1, Xiaoyu Chen1, Shaoxiong Fu2
1Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; 2Wuhan University, People's Republic of China
Cyberchondria describes excessive or repeated health-related information seeking on the Internet that is associated with increased emotional distress. Research on cyberchondria is still nascent. This study aims to propose a moderated mediation model to examine the relationships among intolerance of uncertainty, affective responses, e-health literacy, and cyberchondria. Based on an online survey of 426 participants in China, the results suggest that intolerance of uncertainty is positively associated with cyberchondria, and affective responses partially mediate this association. Additionally, e-health literacy negatively moderates the effect of affective responses on cyberchondria. Implications and limitations of this study are discussed.
9:35am - 9:45am ID: 261 / PS-13: 4 Short Papers Topics: Library and Information Science Keywords: information practices; lgbtq+ communities; health information; information worlds mapping; discursive power
“When Someone Sees Me, I Am Nothing of the Norm”: Examining the Discursive Role Power Plays in Shaping LGBTQ+ Health Information Practices
Vanessa L. Kitzie, Travis L. Wagner, A. Nick Vera
University of South Carolina, USA
This paper examines how discursive power shapes LGBTQ+ individual and community health information practices. Informed by analysis of 10 information worlds maps drawn by SC LGBTQ+ community leaders, our findings indicate that while community can be a valuable construct to reject mainstream discourses of regulation and correction, it inevitably is fraught and not representative of all LGBTQ+ individuals. Findings can inform strategies for community leaders to facilitate more equitable information flow among members by identifying key structural elements impeding this flow at the community level.
9:45am - 9:55am ID: 263 / PS-13: 5 Short Papers Topics: Library and Information Science Keywords: public libraries, older adults, public health, exercise science, rural communities
Physical and Social Health at the Library: Studying Small and Rural Public Libraries as Venues for Group Fitness Among Older Adults
Noah Lenstra, Fatih Oguz
University of North Carolina at Greensboro, USA
Public libraries increasingly offer opportunities to engage in health promotion activities inaccessible elsewhere in the community. Strategies to support physical activity for older adults can be implemented in a variety of different settings, including public libraries. Nonetheless, despite increasing recognition of this role, this trend has received limited scholarly attention. This study reports on a proof of concept study that took place across 12 weeks in 49 small and rural public libraries across the US. During that time, 535 older adults participated in a video-based exercise program at the library. Participants reported increased levels of physical activity and increased mental health as a result of the availability of this program. These preliminary results demonstrate that public libraries have great potential as partners in efforts to increase healthy lifestyles among Americans, particular older adults, who represent a growing demographic in the U.S. and around the world.