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Session Overview
Paper Session 04: Scholarly Communication [SDGs 1-17]
Sunday, 25/Oct/2020:
4:00pm - 5:30pm

Session Chair: Eric T. Meyer, University of Texas at Austin, United States of America

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4:00pm - 4:15pm
ID: 123 / PS-04: 1
Long Papers
Topics: Library and Information Science
Keywords: Gold open access, Article processing charge, Hotelling model, Market equilibria

Investigating the Article Processing Charge of Journals in the Gold Open Access Market: A Game Theory Approach

Xiaoqun Yuan1, Qinggong Wang1, Ming Jiang2, Yeping Liu1, Xin Yang1

1Wuhan University, People's Republic of China; 2University of Bristol, UK

As a promising solution for enhancing knowledge communication as well as alleviating financial pressure of institutional libraries, gold open access (gold OA) has attracted wide attention all over the world. But it is a hard work to fully disclose how the equilibrium article processing charge is established in the gold OA market. To deal with this challenge, this paper firstly formulates the competition among journals in this market as a three-stage Hotelling duopoly game, which is able to reveal its dynamic and competitive features affected by academic reputation, publication delays and article processing charges of journals. Then backward induction is applied to derive the market equilibria. Finally, an empirical study with 1346 journals is conducted to verify the credibility of the theoretical solutions. The results show that gold OA journal with relatively higher academic reputation and shorter publication delay could charge higher article processing charge. And the publication delays of gold OA journals tend to cluster together in a limited time interval.

4:15pm - 4:30pm
ID: 344 / PS-04: 2
Long Papers
Topics: Archives; Data Curation; and Preservation
Keywords: Digital humanities, digital scholarship, sustainability, scholarly communication

Purpose, Completeness, and Evidential Source: Typological Signposts in the Collections Landscape

Katrina Fenlon, Jessica Grimmer, Courtnie Thurston

University of Maryland, College Park, USA

The diversification of digital scholarship poses significant challenges to integrating non-traditional products of humanities scholarship—ranging from digital editions and linked data aggregations to software and virtual environments—into established ecosystems for sustaining and preserving scholarly communication. Without a strong understanding of the variety of forms of digital scholarship, it is difficult to establish broadly adoptable or systematic (and therefore sustainable) approaches to managing diverse digital products throughout their lifecycles. This study illuminates a region of the landscape of digital humanities scholarship by identifying and characterizing different types of scholar-generated digital collections, which make different contributions to scholarship. Through formal typological analysis of approximately 200 scholar-generated digital humanities research collections, this study offers conceptual handles for understanding the principal purposes of digital collections, and how those are shaped by properties of collections, including their ideal completeness and evidential sources.

4:30pm - 4:40pm
ID: 237 / PS-04: 3
Short Papers
Topics: Library and Information Science
Keywords: university presses, e-books, cultural commodity, dissemination strategies

University Presses’ E-book Dissemination Strategies for Academic Library Customers: An Exploratory Study

Mei Zhang

Syracuse University, USA

This work-in-progress study examines university presses’ e-book dissemination strategies by focusing on how presses choose certain ways to distribute their e-books to academic library customers, and the factors supporting their decisions. The study conducted five one-on-one interviews with employees from different university presses in the U.S.. The preliminary findings reveal that although all participating university presses provided their e-books to four main vendors, these presses adopted different strategies to distribute their e-books to different vendors. Further, this study listed the factors affecting university presses’ decision on their e-book dissemination strategies, including increasing exposure of their e-books, concerns about adding new vendors, and the vendors’ imposition of DRM on e-books. Then this study, by linking the findings to the framework of cultural commodity, argues that the university presses’ dissemination strategies demonstrate their effort to reduce the fragility of their e-books as a cultural commodity.

4:40pm - 4:50pm
ID: 330 / PS-04: 4
Short Papers
Topics: Library and Information Science
Keywords: Predatory Journals, Whitelisted Journals, Convolutional Neural Network, Model Interpretation, Website Evaluation

Don't Judge a Journal by its Cover? Appearance of a Journal's Website as Predictor of Blacklisted Open-Access Status

Lizhen Liang, Daniel Acuna

Syracuse University, USA

The nature of scientific research has motived an open-access model of publication supported by article processing fees. Under this rapidly evolving environment and financial incentives, some dubious venues would publish almost anything—for a fee. Many entities keep track of the standards of these new journals, “blacklisting” those deemed problematic. Anecdotal evidence suggests that blacklisted journals tend to have websites with subpar appearance (e.g., old web technologies, unprofessional design). In this work, we systematically explore whether this anecdotal evidence is true. In particular, we evaluate the websites of journals whitelisted and unwhitelisted by the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ). We use a convolutional neural network to predict whether a journal is whitelisted based on a screenshot of its website and analyze the factors that predict one output vs. the other. Our results show that appearance is indeed a predictive factor, achieving a medium performance (AUC of 0.736). Further, our interpretation suggests that the network considers whitelisting those websites with a table of content, social media links and packed content. Conversely, our model mistakenly whitelists blacklisted journals hosted by Elsevier and blacklists whitelisted websites with sans fonts and non-Latin characters.

4:50pm - 5:00pm
ID: 341 / PS-04: 5
Short Papers
Topics: Archives; Data Curation; and Preservation
Keywords: Data Paper, Data Sharing, Data Reuse, Data Citation, Scholarly Communication

The Role of the Data Paper in Scholarly Communication

Chenyue Jiao, Peter T. Darch

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA

Data sharing and reuse promise many benefits to science, but many researchers are reluctant to share and reuse data. Data papers, published as peer-reviewed articles that provide descriptive information about specific datasets, are a potential solution as they may incentivize sharing by providing a mechanism for data producers to get citation credit and support reuse by providing contextual information about dataset production. Data papers can receive many citations. However, does citation of a data paper mean reuse of the underlying dataset? This paper presents preliminary findings from a content-based citation analysis of data papers (n=103) published in two specialized data journals, one in earth sciences and one in physical and chemical sciences. We conclude that while the genre of data papers facilitates some data sharing and reuse, they fail to live up to their full potential. Further, practices of reuse of datasets from data papers vary considerably between disciplines. We propose measures for academic publishers to enhance the data paper’s role in scholarly communication to attract more attention from researchers and to inform discipline-specific policy and practices related to data publication.

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