Conference Agenda (All times are shown in EDT)

Overview and details of the sessions of this conference. Please select a date or location to show only sessions at that day or location. Please select a single session for detailed view (with abstracts and downloads if available).

 
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Session Overview
Date: Sunday, 25/Oct/2020
9:00am - 10:30amOpening Plenary Keynote by Houman Haddad: Depoliticizing Information Through Blockchain

Houman Haddad is the Head of Emerging Technologies at the United Nations World Food Program (WFP). Houman is the founder of WFP’s “Building Blocks” (BB) project, which seeks to harness the power of blockchain to foster interagency collaboration and create efficiencies. Building Blocks is the world’s largest implementation of blockchain technology for humanitarian assistance, currently serving 700,000 Syrian and Rohingya refugees in Jordan and Bangladesh. Blockchain technology also has the potential to empower the vulnerable through financial inclusion and digital identities. Houman joined WFP in 2010 and, prior to WFP, worked in Canada’s banking sector.

The humanitarian aid landscape is increasingly complex, with multiple active economic, natural, and conflict crises around the globe at any given time. Various organizations assist affected populations. However, their efforts are typically siloed, and the people served are viewed through the narrow lenses of nutrition, health, and protection, for example. There is no common visibility on precisely who is assisting whom with what. Therefore, the harmonization and optimization of assistance at a global level are not possible. Furthermore, people’s information is fragmented inside the assisting organizations’ systems, making it difficult for the affected population to access and utilize their data. Building Blocks (BB) is a blockchain-based humanitarian network that seeks to overcome these challenges.

 
11:00am - 12:30pmConsidering Individual and Community Contexts Within Information Pedagogy, Scholarship, and Practice [SDG 4]
 
 
ID: 156 / [Single Presentation of ID 156]: 1
Panels & Alternative Events
90 minutes
Topics: Library and Information Science
Keywords: information contexts, pedagogy, information organization, information communities

Ana Roeschley1, Sarah A. Buchanan2, Mary Burke1, Ann Graf3, Oksana L. Zavalina1

1University of North Texas, USA; 2University of Missouri, USA; 3Simmons University, USA

Context --“the complex web of social relations which [the individual] inhabits” (Spratt and Florian, 2015, p.90) touches everything, including individual and group circumstances, positionalities, feelings, experiences, and environments. Context forms not only how we communicate information in the field and in the classroom. Individual and community contexts affect the processes of searching for information, accessing information, and the interpretation and use of information. (Encheva, 2016; Mitchell, 2017; Yeo et al, 2015). Furthermore, such contexts affect how information scientists teach and conduct their research and how information (in a classroom setting or otherwise) can be delivered to individuals and communities for action. How we, as information scholars and professionals, take individual and community contexts into account will affect our work. Issues of context will be thoroughly interrogated from a number of different perspectives by both the panelists and audience members in this interactive and participation-based session.

 
11:00am - 12:30pmInfrastructures of Digital Humanities [SDGs 12, 17]
 
 
ID: 199 / [Single Presentation of ID 199]: 1
Panels & Alternative Events
90 minutes
Topics: Library and Information Science
Keywords: digital humanities, collaboration, disciplinarity, education, management

Chris A. Sula1, Kalani Craig2, Michelle Dalmau2, Alex Humphreys3, Eero Hyvönen4, Humphrey Keah5, Joseph Kiplang’at6, Thea Lindquist7, Nicholas Weber8

1Pratt Institute, USA; 2Indiana University Bloomington, USA; 3JSTOR Labs at ITHAKA, USA; 4University of Helsinki, Finland; 5Centre for Health Literacy and Quality, Kenya; 6Moi University, Eldoret Kenya; 7University of Colorado Boulder, USA; 8University of Washington, USA

This panel will convene participants from a range of roles and institutions to build on previous work in infrastructures of digital humanities: the organizational and structural aspects of the field responsible for collaboration, partnership, training and support, access, impact, preservation, sustainability, and more. Information professionals play a key role in these infrastructures, from technical expertise to project management to training and support for methods and tools. Panelists from faculty, centers and institutes, and academic and digital libraries will address issues of capacity building, disciplinarity, project management, and labor across various settings.

 
11:00am - 12:30pmPaper Session 01: Information and Technology [SDGs 4,12]
Session Chair: Dietmar Wolfram, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, United States of America
 
 
11:00am - 11:15am
ID: 145 / PS-01: 1
Long Papers
Topics: Library and Information Science
Keywords: virtual reality, library programming, informal learning, social engagement, digital media

Librarian Perspectives on the Role of Virtual Reality in Public Libraries

Kung Jin Lee1, W.E. King1, Negin Dahya2, Jin Ha Lee1

1University of Washington, USA; 2University of Toronto, Canada

This paper explores librarians’ perception of virtual reality as well as opportunities and challenges associated with implementing VR in public libraries. We interviewed 36 librarians who developed and offered VR programs as part of the research project, before and after the programming. The findings show how VR is used in the library in the focus as a learning tool and to be used as a social tool. Across the interviews, librarians talk about how the immersion and interactivity of what VR has to offer is different from other digital media. However, the unique qualities of VR, discussed throughout the paper, present possible challenges associated with offeringVR in the library. Librarians observed that while VR has a lot of potential as a technology for learning and social engagement it also depends on the different content being provided. The librarians felt that this criteria has yet been achieved. In addition, each librarian had a different understanding of what constitutes learning.



11:15am - 11:30am
ID: 221 / PS-01: 2
Long Papers
Topics: Library and Information Science
Keywords: Digital library, user-centred design, user experience, interface, instrumental and non-instrumental quality, mood

Evaluating the User Experience in a Digital Library

Maram Barifah1, Monica Landoni1, Ayman Eddakrouri2

1USI, Switzerland; 2Effat University, Saudi Arabia

Digital libraries (DL) have been evaluated through two main meth- ods: implicitly by analyzing the query behavior extracted from the log files (LF), and explicitly by conducting user studies and usability tests. Unfortunately, such techniques fail to provide a full understanding of the quality of the user experience (UX). Re- cently, researchers called for developing measurements that are more meaningful by considering UX which is gaining momentum as a critical success factor across all sectors. UX is considered as the ultimate criterion of the user-centered design. This paper tries to fill this gap by adapting Mahlke’s interaction user experience frame- work to DL. A laboratory user study with 65 undergraduate students was conducted. Three data collection tools were considered: ques- tionnaires, screen recording, and pick-a-mode scale. The findings of the study indicate that considering the UX when evaluating the DL provides more insights of different aspects of the user interactions, perceptions and affective variables. The need to improve the DL system and simplify its interface still persists. Revisiting interfaces by visualizing the functions is a possible solution.



11:30am - 11:40am
ID: 143 / PS-01: 3
Short Papers
Topics: Data Science; Analytics; and Visualization
Keywords: cross-lingual plagiarism detection, cross-lingual word embedding, word mover's distance

Employing Word Mover’s Distance for Cross-Lingual Plagiarized Text Detection

Chia-Ming Chang, Chia-Hsuan Chang, San-Yih Hwang

National Sun Yat-sen University, Taiwan

While the blossom of globalization has achieved many successes, cross-lingual plagiarism, however, has become popular. Detecting plagiarism across languages requires the capability of comparing semantical similarities between texts of different languages. Previous works rely on massive bilingual resources such as comparable corpus, parallel corpus, and even commercial machine translation as references. However, towards domain-specific applications, collecting such resources is labor-intensive and impractical. Also, the absence of interpretability of existing methods lead to the difficulty of investigating retrieval results by humans. Hence, it is imperative to have a resource-light and interpretable method for cross-lingual plagiarism detection. In this study, we propose a new detection method, called CL-WMD, which is built upon word embedding techniques. CL-WMD requires only a small set of translation pairs to constitute a bilingual reference and calculates semantical distances between texts by word mover’s distance, which can provide explicable word alignment information between two compared text spans. Our experiments are conducted under a bilingual scientific publication corpus composed of two typologically diverse languages: English and Chinese. The results demonstrate that CL-WMD has higher accuracy than most existing methods and achieves better or comparable performance when compared to the translation-based method in paragraph-level and sentence-level plagiarism detection tasks.

 
11:00am - 12:30pmPaper Session 02: COVID-19 [SDG 3]
Session Chair: Rong Tang, Simmons College, United States of America
 
 
11:00am - 11:15am
ID: 272 / PS-02: 1
Long Papers
Topics: Data Science; Analytics; and Visualization
Keywords: linguistic register, ISO12620, and clustering, visualization

Searching Covid-19 by Linguistic Register: Parallels and Warrant for a New Retrieval Model

Gerald Benoit

UC Berkeley, USA

Keeping informed given rapid trend in data and resources about covid-19 is a new challenge. Different user groups (researchers/doctors, practitioners, public) vary in linguistic expression and vocabulary so a new retrieval framework might likewise vary to improve retrieval, expose unanticipated concepts, and establish a sustainable research stream. In this project a document collection about covid-19 was created, parsed according to ISO12620’s definition of linguistic register, and retrieval sets compared. Results suggest trends from other fields parallel register-oriented criteria; project exposes unexpected concepts across groups, uses of visualization, and warrants ling-register as a sustainable IR research stream.



11:15am - 11:30am
ID: 336 / PS-02: 2
Long Papers
Topics: Library and Information Science
Keywords: COVID-19, Information flows, Information environment, Research, Practice

What We Can Learn from Information Flows About COVID-19: Implications for Research and Practice

Waseem Afzal

Charles Sturt University, Australia

COVID-19 has become a global pandemic affecting billions of people. Its impact on societies worldwide will be felt for years to come. The purpose of this research is to examine information flows about COVID-19 to understand the information-specific underpinnings that are shaping understandings of this crisis. As a starting point, this research analyzes information about COVID-19 from a selection of information sources, including the World Health Organization (WHO), the National Health Commission of the People’s Republic of China (NHCPRC), and three news outlets with vast global coverage. The analysis reveals some distinctive information underpinnings about COVID-19, including 1) flows of information becoming regular and larger around certain dates, 2) preponderance of information imperfections such as incomplete information, misinformation, and disinformation, and 3) absence of information about some key turning points. The implications of these information imperfections in that they create information failures and, hence, ineffective approaches to dealing with this crisis warrant further investigation.



11:30am - 11:45am
ID: 350 / PS-02: 3
Long Papers
Topics: Social Media and Social Computing
Keywords: Information diffusion, network analysis, epidemic modeling, social media, COVID-19

COVID-19 Epidemic and Information Diffusion Analysis on Twitter

Ly Dinh, Nikolaus Parulian

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted all aspects of our life, including the information spread on social media. Prior literature has found that information diffusion dynamics on social networks mirror that of a virus, but applying the epidemic Susceptible-Infected-Removed model (SIR) model to examine how information spread is not sufficient to claim that information spreads like a virus. In this study, we explore whether there are similarities in the simulated SIR model (SIRsim), observed SIR model based on actual COVID-19 cases (SIRemp), and observed information cascades on Twitter about the virus (INFOcas) by using network analysis and diffusion modeling. We propose three primary research questions: (1) What are the diffusion patterns of COVID-19 virus spread, based on SIRsim and SIRemp?; (2) What are the diffusion patterns of information cascades on Twitter (INFOcas), with respect to retweets, quote tweets, and replies?; and (3) What are the major differences in diffusion patterns between SIRsim, SIRemp, and INFOcas? Our study makes a contribution to the information sciences community by showing how epidemic modeling of virus and information diffusion analysis of online social media are distinct but interrelated concepts.



11:45am - 11:55am
ID: 155 / PS-02: 4
Short Papers
Topics: Social Media and Social Computing
Keywords: topic modeling, COVID-19, Twitter, temporal differences

Uncovering Temporal Differences in COVID-19 Tweets

Han Zheng, Dion Hoe-Lian Goh, Chei Sian Lee, Edmund Lee, Yin Leng Theng

Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

In the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic, understanding how the public responds to various initiatives is an important step in assessing current and future policy implementations. In this paper, we analyzed Twitter tweets using topic modeling to uncover the issues surrounding people’s discussion of the disease. Our focus was on temporal differences in topics, prior and after the declaration of COVID-19 as a pandemic. Nine topics were identified in our analysis, each of which showed distinct levels of discussion over time. Our results suggest that as the pandemic progresses, the concerns of the public vary as new developments come to light.



11:55am - 12:05pm
ID: 316 / PS-02: 5
Short Papers
Topics: Social Media and Social Computing
Keywords: COVID-19, Coronavirus, Pandemic, Twitter, Hate Speech

Stigmatization in Social Media: Documenting and Analyzing Hate Speech for COVID-19 on Twitter

Lizhou Fan1,2, Huizi Yu2,4, Zhanyuan Yin3,4

1Program in Digital Humanities, UCLA,USA; 2Department of Statistics, UCLA, USA; 3Department of Mathematics, UCLA, USA; 4Department of Economics, UCLA, USA

As the COVID-19 pandemic has unfolded, Hate Speech on social media about China and Chinese people has encouraged social stigmatization. For the historical and humanistic purposes, this history-in-the-making needs to be archived and analyzed. Using the query “china+and+coronavirus” to scrape from the Twitter API, we have obtained 3,457,402 key tweets about China relating to COVID-19. In this archive, in which about 40% of the tweets are from the U.S., we identify 25,467 Hate Speech occurrences and analyze them according to lexicon-based emotions and demographics using machine learning and network methods. The results indicate that there are substantial associations between the amount of Hate Speech and demonstrations of sentiments, and state demographics factors. Sentiments of surprise and fear associated with poverty and unemployment rates are prominent. This digital archive and the related analyses are not simply historical, therefore. They play vital roles in raising public awareness and mitigating future crises. Consequently, we regard our research as a pilot study in methods of analysis that might be used by other researchers in various fields.

 
11:00am - 12:30pmPaper Session 03: Reducing Inequities [SDGs 10, 11, 12, 16]
Session Chair: Heidi Julien, SUNY at Buffalo, United States of America
 
 
11:00am - 11:15am
ID: 209 / PS-03: 1
Long Papers
Topics: Library and Information Science
Keywords: persona profiles, libraries, museums, information seeking, sustainable development, Latinx in the USA

Persona Profiles of Latinx Living in Boston: Applications for Information Organizations

Mónica Colón-Aguirre1, Janet Ceja Alcalá2

1East Carolina University, USA; 2Simmons University, USA

Based on data and initial findings of a larger phenomenological project focused on the experiences of Latinx living in the Boston area, the researchers create two persona profiles. Preliminary results of the analysis of 13 interviews with members of the Latinx community in Boston identified two distinct groups among the participants. These groups were defined by socioeconomic class, as identified by two main indicators: educational attainment and English language skills. Those belonging to the lower socioeconomic class had low educational attainment and limited English language skills compared to those in the middle socioeconomic class group which was made up of Latinx who had high educational attainment and were fully bilingual. The persona profiles created using the data provided by the interviews have potential applications for those working in information organizations, and help researchers and practitioners in information organizations design better services for urban Latinx communities which take into consideration complex issues which affect daily life. This approach aligns with the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which among many goals, intends to make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.

Keywords: persona profiles, libraries, museums, information seeking, sustainable development, Latinx in the USA



11:15am - 11:30am
ID: 225 / PS-03: 2
Long Papers
Topics: Information Theory
Keywords: taxonomy alignment, taxonomy, indigenous, knowledge organization

Reconciling Taxonomies of Electoral Constituencies and Recognized Tribes of Indigenous Taiwan

Jessica Yi-Yun Cheng, Bertram Ludaescher

University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, USA

Over the years, information science professionals have been studying biases in Knowledge Organization Systems (KOS), e.g. bibliographic classifications. The robustness of classifications has been examined in diverse measures, ranging from the representation of race, gender, ethnic minorities, to indigenous peoples. In this study, we aim at (1) uncovering implicit assumptions about minorities in everyday taxonomies; (2) comparing and reconciling these different taxonomies. Specifically, we study the use case of Taiwanese Indigenous Peoples’ tribe classifications and the indigenous constituencies of the legislature electoral representation. We compare four finer-grained taxonomies for indigenous people with the coarse-grained indigenous peoples’ electoral constituencies that only recognize two regions (Lowland, Highland). The four taxonomies are: the recognized tribes in the past, the recognized tribes in the present, other possible tribes, and re-scaled groups based on population. We employ a logic-based taxonomy alignment approach using Region Connection Calculus (RCC-5) relations to align these taxonomies. Our results show different options when modeling and interpreting the use case of Indigenous Taiwan constituencies, and also demonstrate that multiple perspectives can be preserved and co-exist in our merged taxonomic representations.



11:30am - 11:45am
ID: 259 / PS-03: 3
Long Papers
Topics: Library and Information Science
Keywords: Innovation, collective information-seeking, experimentation, refugees, diversity

Supporting Refugees by Facilitating the Innovation of Nonprofit Resettlement Agencies: A Case Study

Darin S. Freeburg

University of South Carolina, USA

This study tested the implementation of the Information for Innovation model (IIM). The IIM posits that to implement innovations and adapt to external change, nonprofits must increase both the inward and outward flow of information. This increased flow comes through experimentation, information-seeking, and self-expression. Over one year, the researcher implemented the model with a refugee resettlement nonprofit in the Southeastern U.S. A case study design was used, following the approach of Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR). The implementation of the IIM followed the structure of Communities of Practice (COP), and participants held several face-to-face meetings and engaged in virtual information-seeking. Results show that increases in information-seeking improved the nonprofit’s confidence in its ability to manage change. Improvements in self-expression enabled the nonprofit to benefit more fully from the diversity of existing staff. Yet, the IIM’s impact on implementation was limited by lack of resources. This study contributes to literature on the expansion of Library and Information Science (LIS) into communities by proposing an evidence-based approach to working with nonprofits. This study also contributes to literature on the role of LIS in refugee populations, suggesting that these institutions work more directly with the nonprofits whose expertise and funding most directly supports refugees.

 
1:00pm - 2:00pmSIG-RUSH
 
2:00pm - 3:30pmChapter Assembly Meeting

Zoom Meeting ID: 926 321 2704 
Passcode: asistam20 

 
4:00pm - 5:30pmEDI and Leadership in Information Science [SDGs 10, 16, 17]
 
 
ID: 453 / [Single Presentation of ID 453]: 1
Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion Accelerator Series
Topics: Technology; Culture; and Society
Keywords: diversity

Bharat Mehra1, Renate Chancellor2, Kathleen Burnett3

1University of Alabama, USA; 2Catholic University, USA; 3Florida State University, USA

There are few leaders of color in the library and information science (LIS) professoriate (Wheeler & Smith, 2018) despite consistent discussion about the lack of diversity in the profession. There are many variables that contribute to this phenomenon including the lack of faculty of color and the field’s serious issues with mentoring, tenure, opportunities for advancement, and retention. This panel highlights new LIS leaders of color who will share their experiences and discuss their thoughts on how this dilemma might be remedied in the future. Wheeler, M. B., & Smith, D. (2018). Race and leadership in library and information science education: a study of African American administrators. Library Trends, 67(1), 23-38.

 
4:00pm - 5:30pmLinked Data Education and Training: Past, Present, and Future [SDGs 4, 9]
 
 
ID: 176 / [Single Presentation of ID 176]: 1
Panels & Alternative Events
90 minutes
Topics: Library and Information Science
Keywords: Linked data, Metadata, Education and training, Learning resources

Brian Dobreski1, Marcia Zeng2, Jason Kovari3, Jian Qin4

1University of Tennessee, USA; 2Kent State University, USA; 3Cornell University, USA; 4Syracuse University, USA

Studying, designing, and implementing linked data is becoming an increasingly important part of many information settings. Whether taking part in high-profile grant funded collaborations, local exploratory projects, or adopting a “wait and see” approach, institutions such as libraries, archives, and enterprise organizations will need professionals versed in linked data technologies and practices. In recent years, many advances have been made toward the establishment of an educational foundation for information professionals in this area, through both the incorporation of linked data topics into formal course curricula as well as the establishment of community-driven, open access learning resources online. However, questions and challenges remain. In this panel, presenters will explore the past, current, and future states of linked data education and training while addressing ongoing challenges and opportunities for preparing metadata professionals in this area.

 
4:00pm - 5:30pmPaper Session 04: Scholarly Communication [SDGs 1-17]
Session Chair: Eric T. Meyer, University of Texas at Austin, United States of America
 
 
4:00pm - 4:15pm
ID: 123 / PS-04: 1
Long Papers
Topics: Library and Information Science
Keywords: Gold open access, Article processing charge, Hotelling model, Market equilibria

Investigating the Article Processing Charge of Journals in the Gold Open Access Market: A Game Theory Approach

Xiaoqun Yuan1, Qinggong Wang1, Ming Jiang2, Yeping Liu1, Xin Yang1

1Wuhan University, People's Republic of China; 2University of Bristol, UK

As a promising solution for enhancing knowledge communication as well as alleviating financial pressure of institutional libraries, gold open access (gold OA) has attracted wide attention all over the world. But it is a hard work to fully disclose how the equilibrium article processing charge is established in the gold OA market. To deal with this challenge, this paper firstly formulates the competition among journals in this market as a three-stage Hotelling duopoly game, which is able to reveal its dynamic and competitive features affected by academic reputation, publication delays and article processing charges of journals. Then backward induction is applied to derive the market equilibria. Finally, an empirical study with 1346 journals is conducted to verify the credibility of the theoretical solutions. The results show that gold OA journal with relatively higher academic reputation and shorter publication delay could charge higher article processing charge. And the publication delays of gold OA journals tend to cluster together in a limited time interval.



4:15pm - 4:30pm
ID: 344 / PS-04: 2
Long Papers
Topics: Archives; Data Curation; and Preservation
Keywords: Digital humanities, digital scholarship, sustainability, scholarly communication

Purpose, Completeness, and Evidential Source: Typological Signposts in the Collections Landscape

Katrina Fenlon, Jessica Grimmer, Courtnie Thurston

University of Maryland, College Park, USA

The diversification of digital scholarship poses significant challenges to integrating non-traditional products of humanities scholarship—ranging from digital editions and linked data aggregations to software and virtual environments—into established ecosystems for sustaining and preserving scholarly communication. Without a strong understanding of the variety of forms of digital scholarship, it is difficult to establish broadly adoptable or systematic (and therefore sustainable) approaches to managing diverse digital products throughout their lifecycles. This study illuminates a region of the landscape of digital humanities scholarship by identifying and characterizing different types of scholar-generated digital collections, which make different contributions to scholarship. Through formal typological analysis of approximately 200 scholar-generated digital humanities research collections, this study offers conceptual handles for understanding the principal purposes of digital collections, and how those are shaped by properties of collections, including their ideal completeness and evidential sources.



4:30pm - 4:40pm
ID: 237 / PS-04: 3
Short Papers
Topics: Library and Information Science
Keywords: university presses, e-books, cultural commodity, dissemination strategies

University Presses’ E-book Dissemination Strategies for Academic Library Customers: An Exploratory Study

Mei Zhang

Syracuse University, USA

This work-in-progress study examines university presses’ e-book dissemination strategies by focusing on how presses choose certain ways to distribute their e-books to academic library customers, and the factors supporting their decisions. The study conducted five one-on-one interviews with employees from different university presses in the U.S.. The preliminary findings reveal that although all participating university presses provided their e-books to four main vendors, these presses adopted different strategies to distribute their e-books to different vendors. Further, this study listed the factors affecting university presses’ decision on their e-book dissemination strategies, including increasing exposure of their e-books, concerns about adding new vendors, and the vendors’ imposition of DRM on e-books. Then this study, by linking the findings to the framework of cultural commodity, argues that the university presses’ dissemination strategies demonstrate their effort to reduce the fragility of their e-books as a cultural commodity.



4:40pm - 4:50pm
ID: 330 / PS-04: 4
Short Papers
Topics: Library and Information Science
Keywords: Predatory Journals, Whitelisted Journals, Convolutional Neural Network, Model Interpretation, Website Evaluation

Don't Judge a Journal by its Cover? Appearance of a Journal's Website as Predictor of Blacklisted Open-Access Status

Lizhen Liang, Daniel Acuna

Syracuse University, USA

The nature of scientific research has motived an open-access model of publication supported by article processing fees. Under this rapidly evolving environment and financial incentives, some dubious venues would publish almost anything—for a fee. Many entities keep track of the standards of these new journals, “blacklisting” those deemed problematic. Anecdotal evidence suggests that blacklisted journals tend to have websites with subpar appearance (e.g., old web technologies, unprofessional design). In this work, we systematically explore whether this anecdotal evidence is true. In particular, we evaluate the websites of journals whitelisted and unwhitelisted by the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ). We use a convolutional neural network to predict whether a journal is whitelisted based on a screenshot of its website and analyze the factors that predict one output vs. the other. Our results show that appearance is indeed a predictive factor, achieving a medium performance (AUC of 0.736). Further, our interpretation suggests that the network considers whitelisting those websites with a table of content, social media links and packed content. Conversely, our model mistakenly whitelists blacklisted journals hosted by Elsevier and blacklists whitelisted websites with sans fonts and non-Latin characters.



4:50pm - 5:00pm
ID: 341 / PS-04: 5
Short Papers
Topics: Archives; Data Curation; and Preservation
Keywords: Data Paper, Data Sharing, Data Reuse, Data Citation, Scholarly Communication

The Role of the Data Paper in Scholarly Communication

Chenyue Jiao, Peter T. Darch

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA

Data sharing and reuse promise many benefits to science, but many researchers are reluctant to share and reuse data. Data papers, published as peer-reviewed articles that provide descriptive information about specific datasets, are a potential solution as they may incentivize sharing by providing a mechanism for data producers to get citation credit and support reuse by providing contextual information about dataset production. Data papers can receive many citations. However, does citation of a data paper mean reuse of the underlying dataset? This paper presents preliminary findings from a content-based citation analysis of data papers (n=103) published in two specialized data journals, one in earth sciences and one in physical and chemical sciences. We conclude that while the genre of data papers facilitates some data sharing and reuse, they fail to live up to their full potential. Further, practices of reuse of datasets from data papers vary considerably between disciplines. We propose measures for academic publishers to enhance the data paper’s role in scholarly communication to attract more attention from researchers and to inform discipline-specific policy and practices related to data publication.

 
4:00pm - 5:30pmPaper Session 05: Health and Vulnerable Populations [SDG 3]
Session Chair: Ina Fourie, University of Pretoria, South Africa
 
 
4:00pm - 4:15pm
ID: 197 / PS-05: 1
Long Papers
Topics: Human Computer Interaction (HCI)
Keywords: blind users, visual question answering, visual assistance, medication packaging

Quality of Images Showing Medication Packaging from Individuals with Vision Impairments: Implications for the Design of Visual Question Answering Applications

Nathan W. Davis, Bo Xie, Danna Gurari

University of Texas at Austin, USA

Mobile phone technology empowers individuals with vision impairment to submit images with questions in order to promptly receive descriptions or answers from remote humans through visual question answering applications. This study aimed to (1) identify challenges for visually impaired users of VizWiz, a visual question answering application, to obtain information about medication packaging and (2) recommend design guidelines for better supporting this population to receive visual assistance. We analyzed 265 images (131 with questions; 134 without) of medication packages from a VizWiz dataset. We developed a 4-category coding scheme to analyze image quality, with two independent coders achieving excellent intercoder reliability (85%-95%). We found that 46% of the images were legible, 40% contained clear indicators for what information was sought, 40% had minimum background clutter (no more than a few items in image), and only a small amount (5% of total, 10% of images with questions) contained sufficient information to definitively answer the user questions. We also conducted an inductive thematic analysis to identify major challenges for humans (and potentially machine learning) to answer users’ questions. These findings suggest there is great potential for user-centered design research to enhance visual assistance tools like VizWiz for visually impaired users.



4:15pm - 4:30pm
ID: 217 / PS-05: 2
Long Papers
Topics: Domain-Specific Informatics
Keywords: Mobile health, Health Informatics, User Empowerment, Value Co-creation

Patient Empowerment Through Mobile Health: Case Study with a Brazilian Application for Pregnancy Support

Gustavo Varela Delgado1, Rodrigo Baroni Carvalho1, Chun Wei Choo2, Ramon Silva Leite1, José Márcio Castro1

1Catholic University of Minas Gerais, Brazil; 2University of Toronto, Canada

This paper analyzes how mobile health applications contribute to the empowerment of health service users. The theoretical foundation includes m-health, user empowerment, and value co-creation. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used to investigate the Kangaroo application (Canguru, in Portuguese), which targets Brazilian pregnant women and seeks to make women empowered for a healthy pregnancy. The free app is a healthcare social network designed by a health-tech startup and a reference Brazilian hospital. It has already supported 350,000 pregnant women, and more than 200 health professionals. The data collection effort comprised application log analysis of six months of records of 99,709 users, mobile-based survey with 429 women and 16 interviews. The results showed that the functionalities of the personal and social dimensions mapped in the application explain 85.5% of the user empowerment. The app social features impacted 2.4 more than the personal functionalities. The quantitative analysis concluded that there was no moderating effect of styles of value co-creation practices on the relationship between empowerment and its dimensions. The theoretical contribution is associated with the discussion of the influence of personal and social dimensions of m-health to the user empowerment.



4:30pm - 4:45pm
ID: 219 / PS-05: 3
Long Papers
Topics: Library and Information Science
Keywords: family networks, informational support, social support, chronic illness

All in the Family: A Descriptive Analysis of Family Network Change in Families Managing Chronic Illness

Lindsay K. Brown1, Tiffany C. Veinot1,2

1University of Michigan, School of Information, USA; 2University of Michigan, School of Public Health, USA

Background: Social networks can be a source of support, including informational support, in chronic illness management, but can change over time in response to health crises. However, little is known about how families leverage their support networks to manage chronic illness over time — and how these networks may change.

Methods: For 28 families managing either diabetes or HIV, we gathered survey-based social network data, including network size, exchanges of support, and tie strength, up to 5 times over two years. We then used descriptive analysis to examine changes in network size, structure and function (e.g., informational support).

Findings: Although family networks remained stable in terms of network size and transitivity, these networks experienced regular fluctuations in both tie-level variables (i.e., tie strength) and density of informational support exchanges.

Discussion: Observed changes in these measures indicate that even family support networks are susceptible to change over time, particularly at the tie-level, indicating a need to expand the way we think of network change beyond whole network measures when looking at small, family networks, especially examining how information exchanges fluctuate over time. Future research should explore tie-level measures and support exchange networks to understand why networks change over time.



4:45pm - 5:00pm
ID: 268 / PS-05: 4
Long Papers
Topics: Human Computer Interaction (HCI)
Keywords: Heath, Family, Health Information, Intergenerational, Healthy Living, Family Collaboration, Distance

Towards Family-Centered Health Technologies that Support Distributed Families on Sustainable Healthy Practices Together

Jomara Sandbulte1, Eun Kyoung Choe2, John M. Carroll1

1Pennsylvania State University, USA; 2University of Maryland, College Park, USA

Family relationships can be resources to foster individuals’ healthy behaviors. However, in many families, different factors can prevent members in supporting one another around positive health outcomes. A systematic understanding of these factors is crucial for developing appropriate solutions to reduce barriers on family collaboration in health promotion. In this paper, we focus on one factor that affects family support in healthy living: geographic distance. We present a formative study composed by two research explorations which aimed to examine distributed family members’ needs and challenges to engage in healthy living together. First, an interview study helped us understand families’ practices in engaging in health conversations. Then, findings from a scenario-based focus group discussion provided necessary knowledge to explore the use of technology to support conversations around health topics by distributed families. We draw on our findings to present practical recommendations for researchers working towards supporting intergenerational families on healthy practices collectively when living apart.

 
4:00pm - 5:30pmToward an Integrated Information Science [SDGs 9, 17]
 
 
ID: 266 / [Single Presentation of ID 266]: 1
Panels & Alternative Events
90 minutes
Topics: Information Theory
Keywords: Information Science

Jenna Hartel1, Marcia Bates2, Tim Gorichanaz3, Christopher Lueg4, Kiersten Latham5, Soo Young Rieh6

1University of Toronto, Canada; 2University of California, Los Angeles, USA; 3Drexel University, USA; 4Bern University of Applied Sciences, Switzerland; 5Michigan State University, USA; 6University of Texas at Austin, USA

More than ever, Information Science needs a coherent, powerful, integrated vision of itself and the value proposition it delivers in this Information Age. Complex and multifaceted uncertainties like pandemics and climate change do not yield to narrow or piecemeal solutions. Holistic visions of Information Science existed at our field’s formation a century ago, but sadly over the years have become increasingly fragmented and specialized. This 90-minute panel invites participants in the ASIS&T 2020 Annual Meeting to reconsider the benefits of holism and creates a stage to re-imagine a big and integrated Information Science. To that end, we will first adopt Bates’ (2002) conception of seven interpenetrating “Layers of Understanding.” Then, information scientists with expertise in one of the seven layers will speak about the information phenomena at their level. Having the full range of strata illuminated, Dr. Bates will share her sage reflections. Ample time will remain for the audience to tinker with, extend, challenge, or celebrate the idea of a wide-ranging, integrated Information Science.

 
6:00pm - 7:00pmPresident's Opening Program and Welcome Reception: Information, Immunization, and Infodemic During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Via Zoom: https://zoom.us/join
Meeting ID: 859 7694 5203
Passcode: am2020pr

 
7:00pm - 8:00pmSIG-RUSH
 

 
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