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Paper Session 20: International Information Action [SDGs 1-17]
4:00pm - 5:30pm
Session Chair: Denise Agosto, Drexel University, United States of America
4:00pm - 4:10pm ID: 280 / PS-20: 1 Short Papers Topics: Library and Information Science Keywords: Sustainable Development Goals, libraries, information literacy, community engagement
Libraries and the UN Sustainable Development Goals: The Past, Present, and Future
Christopher Cyr, Lynn Silipigni Connaway
This paper presents initial research from a broader project about the impact of libraries on the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In 2015, the UN launched the SDGs, a set of 17 goals for global development by the year 2030. Libraries helped shape the inclusion of access to information in these goals and are involved in furthering them through providing access to information. The OCLC Global Council has selected the SDGs as its area of focus for 2020, and is formulating a research program that will identify and advocate for the ways that libraries can help further the SDGs. This paper details the history of the SDGs and the role that libraries played in shaping them. It shows examples of ways that libraries have helped further them through providing access to information and information literacy skills. Finally, it offers suggestions for ways that libraries could structure their information activates around the SDGs, based on data from a survey of OCLC Global Council delegates.
4:10pm - 4:20pm ID: 310 / PS-20: 2 Short Papers Topics: Technology; Culture; and Society Keywords: Bibliometric study; cyber-activism; digital citizenship; social movements; R&D project; bibliographic databases
Bibliometric Analysis of the Cibermov Database on Cyber-Activism (2007-2018)
We carried out a bibliometric study on web activism, given their absence, for the period between 2007 and 2018, using as a source the Cibermov bibliographic database, created by the documentation service linked to the R&D project Cyber-activism, digital citizenship and new urban movements, funded by the Government of Spain, as a tool for its members.
4:20pm - 4:30pm ID: 333 / PS-20: 3 Short Papers Topics: Social Media and Social Computing Keywords: Information Diffusion, Twitter, Transnational Dissemination, Content Analysis
Characteristics of Information Spreading Across Nations
Xinchen Yu, Shashidhar Reddy Daida, Lasya Bentula, Lingzi Hong
University of North Texas, USA
The mechanism of information diffusion on social media platforms such as retweeting in Twitter has been largely studied. Existing studies mainly look into the social or discursive features of information that are popular in virtual space, few have related the diffusion of information to the real-world context and studied the characteristics of information that can spread across nations. In the context of globalization, understanding information spreading across nations not only facilitates marketing and propagation but also helps to understand transnational activities such as transnational social movements. We conduct a preliminary study to analyze the sentiment and cognition components of tweets that disseminate transnationally in the MeToo movement. Tweets that spread across nations are generally popular, i.e. retweeted more. However, popular tweets do not always spread across nations. We find popular tweets that disseminate transnationally contain more elements of politics, religion, or social bond indicators. Our study provides insights for propagation in globalization and may help social movement organizations that aim for transnational activities.
4:30pm - 4:40pm ID: 356 / PS-20: 4 Short Papers Topics: Technology; Culture; and Society Keywords: Making, geopolitics, Africa, Silicon Valley, China
Making as Imaginative Crossroads: Ghanaian Makers and the Geopolitics of Technological Progress
University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA
This paper is about the politics of technological progress as it is being played out among a loose network of Ghanaian makers. It unpacks how the practice of ‘making’ unfolds as a site for positioning the self and the nation within a global imaginary of techno futures. The paper argues, first, that ‘making’ in Ghana is emblematic of a crossroads of imaginative possibilities for technological design and production, and second, that this marks a distinct turn in the politics of technological progress, particularly when situated against ongoing econo-political negotiations between the Global South, the West, and China.