Conference Agenda

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Session Overview
Session
Workshop-08: Value-Driven Next Generation Internet: Core Technologies, Values and Ethics of a Human-Centric Future Internet
Time:
Wednesday, 02/Oct/2019:
9:00am - 12:30pm

Session Chair: Anja Bechmann
Location: P504
(cap.54)

Session Abstract

Techno pessimistic and optimistic discourses of the internet have always existed, but we are witnessing a current profound anti-trust in the internet. Earlier, the story of the internet was a story of a broader civic engagement and a healthier democracy (Turner, 2006; Lessig, 2004; Abbate, 1999; Berners-Lee, 1999). But as humans are losing control to data-driven business models and non-human-centric internet technologies that story is changing.

Today, the story of the internet has two dominant narratives - both of which leave little agency to the users. The American model - ruled by capitalist market powers with internet giants harvesting massive amounts of personal data to shape human behaviour - and the Chinese model characterized by mass surveillance and government control of the internet exemplified by the Chinese Social Credit System.

But the two dominant internet models do not go unchallenged. Recently, several revelations have caused controversy - perhaps most notably the Cambridge Analytica scandal, coupled with the disclosure of frequent and massive scale hacking and surveillance operations, such as the Chinese hack of more than 500 million Marriott customer records and the case of Exactis where 340 million personal records were exposed on a publicly accessible server. The public backlash from these and several other scandals worldwide show a real demand for more ethical alternatives to the dominant internet models.

Also on a supranational level, there has been discussions on a third narrative; the human-centric internet. With the initiative “Next Generation Internet”, the EU Commission has ambitions to shape the future internet as an interoperable platform ecosystem that embodies the European values, such as openness, inclusivity, transparency, privacy, cooperation, and protection of data (https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/next-generation-internet-initiative). These values have been materialized in for instance the General Data Protection Regulation and in the “AI for people” approach (Floridi et al, 2018).

To support a more human-centric evolution of the internet, progressive development of internet technologies and policy is needed. Otherwise, the development of the internet technologies of the future will remain in the hands of internet giants in monopoly-like positions on the global data market (e.g. Zuboff, 2019).

In the process of shaping an alternative internet model to compete with the dominant narratives, high-level internet research in progressive internet technologies and policies will play a crucial role, answering questions such as: Which values, regulatory approaches, business models and technologies are going to be at the core of the future internet? In which context does these aspects of the internet currently develop? What are the possible future trajectories of the core internet technologies and associated stakeholders? Which values should these technologies uphold to ensure a progressive and human-centric development and widespread introduction? These are some of the questions driving this half-day pre-conference workshop on a more human-centric future internet.

The workshop will start with a series of lightning talks by selected AoIR scholars on the key issues within Next Generation Internet driving their research currently (e.g. AI, robotics, sustainable internet, ethics and internet values, political power structures, identities and trust). The lightning talks will be followed by a future workshop (Halse, 2013) where the basis for discussion will be topics derived from a systematic data collection and subsequent text analysis (see data sources and methods here: https://ngi.delabapps.eu).

The purpose of the workshop is to discuss current ‘hot topics’ in internet development with the intention of feeding AoIR contributions into the global discussions on a more human-centric internet. The results of this workshop and workshops in engineering and design research communities will be reported directly to the EU Commission as contributions to further policy work on ensuring a human-centric Next Generation Internet at an international level. We encourage participants from all parts of the world to join the pre-conference to anchor this debate internationally.

Preliminary topics include (see full list of associated keywords at https://ngi.delabapps.eu):

Data Sovereignty

  • open internet, net neutrality, personal data, identity theft, black box, AI research

Internet Values

  • hate speech, extremist content, sexism, gender discrimination, #metoo, child safety, parental control, diversity, racism, accessibility, care robots, voice assistants and chatbots

Identities & Trust

  • smart contracts, distributed ledgers

Cybersecurity & Resilience

  • cybersecurity, ransomware, cyberwar, hacking, killer robots

Ethical AI & ML

  • machine learning, deep learning, algorithmic bias, algorithmic accountability, AI, black box, open AI, data lakes, transparency

Trustworthy Online Media

  • facial recognition, digital assistant, voice assistant

Opt out & Self-governance

  • cyber threats, meltdown, hacking, quantum computing, encryption, critical infrastructure

Decentralising Power

  • free speech, internet freedom, gig economy, ico, worker's rights, tech giants, distributed ledgers, consumer protection

A Sustainable Internet

  • blockchain, cryptocurrency, smart devices, energy efficiency, mining, renewable energy, data storage

Sponsor: EU Next Generation Internet (www.ngi.eu) - H2020 grant agreement no. 825652


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Presentations

Value-Driven Next Generation Internet: Core Technologies, Values and Ethics of a Human-Centric Future Internet

Anja Bechmann1, Charles Ess3, Aline Franzke4, Anne Henriksen1, Steve Jones2, Annette Markham1, Lynge Moeller1, Zizi Papacharissi2

1Aarhus University, Denmark; 2University of Illinois at Chicago, USA; 3The University of Oslo, Norway; 4University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany

Techno pessimistic and optimistic discourses of the internet have always existed, but we are witnessing a current profound anti-trust in the internet. Earlier, the story of the internet was a story of a broader civic engagement and a healthier democracy (Turner, 2006; Lessig, 2004; Abbate, 1999; Berners-Lee, 1999). But as humans are losing control to data-driven business models and non-human-centric internet technologies that story is changing.

Today, the story of the internet has two dominant narratives - both of which leave little agency to the users. The American model - ruled by capitalist market powers with internet giants harvesting massive amounts of personal data to shape human behaviour - and the Chinese model characterized by mass surveillance and government control of the internet exemplified by the Chinese Social Credit System.

But the two dominant internet models do not go unchallenged. Recently, several revelations have caused controversy - perhaps most notably the Cambridge Analytica scandal, coupled with the disclosure of frequent and massive scale hacking and surveillance operations, such as the Chinese hack of more than 500 million Marriott customer records and the case of Exactis where 340 million personal records were exposed on a publicly accessible server. The public backlash from these and several other scandals worldwide show a real demand for more ethical alternatives to the dominant internet models.

Also on a supranational level, there has been discussions on a third narrative; the human-centric internet. With the initiative “Next Generation Internet”, the EU Commission has ambitions to shape the future internet as an interoperable platform ecosystem that embodies the European values, such as openness, inclusivity, transparency, privacy, cooperation, and protection of data (https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/next-generation-internet-initiative). These values have been materialized in for instance the General Data Protection Regulation and in the “AI for people” approach (Floridi et al, 2018).

To support a more human-centric evolution of the internet, progressive development of internet technologies and policy is needed. Otherwise, the development of the internet technologies of the future will remain in the hands of internet giants in monopoly-like positions on the global data market (e.g. Zuboff, 2019).

In the process of shaping an alternative internet model to compete with the dominant narratives, high-level internet research in progressive internet technologies and policies will play a crucial role, answering questions such as: Which values, regulatory approaches, business models and technologies are going to be at the core of the future internet? In which context does these aspects of the internet currently develop? What are the possible future trajectories of the core internet technologies and associated stakeholders? Which values should these technologies uphold to ensure a progressive and human-centric development and widespread introduction? These are some of the questions driving this half-day pre-conference workshop on a more human-centric future internet.

The workshop will start with a series of lightning talks by selected AoIR scholars on the key issues within Next Generation Internet driving their research currently (e.g. AI, robotics, sustainable internet, ethics and internet values, political power structures, identities and trust). The lightning talks will be followed by a future workshop (Halse, 2013) where the basis for discussion will be topics derived from a systematic data collection and subsequent text analysis (see data sources and methods here: https://ngi.delabapps.eu).

The purpose of the workshop is to discuss current ‘hot topics’ in internet development with the intention of feeding AoIR contributions into the global discussions on a more human-centric internet. The results of this workshop and workshops in engineering and design research communities will be reported directly to the EU Commission as contributions to further policy work on ensuring a human-centric Next Generation Internet at an international level. We encourage participants from all parts of the world to join the pre-conference to anchor this debate internationally.

Preliminary topics include (see full list of associated keywords at https://ngi.delabapps.eu):

Data Sovereignty

  • open internet, net neutrality, personal data, identity theft, black box, AI research

Internet Values

  • hate speech, extremist content, sexism, gender discrimination, #metoo, child safety, parental control, diversity, racism, accessibility, care robots, voice assistants and chatbots

Identities & Trust

  • smart contracts, distributed ledgers

Cybersecurity & Resilience

  • cybersecurity, ransomware, cyberwar, hacking, killer robots

Ethical AI & ML

  • machine learning, deep learning, algorithmic bias, algorithmic accountability, AI, black box, open AI, data lakes, transparency

Trustworthy Online Media

  • facial recognition, digital assistant, voice assistant

Opt out & Self-governance

  • cyber threats, meltdown, hacking, quantum computing, encryption, critical infrastructure

Decentralising Power

  • free speech, internet freedom, gig economy, ico, worker's rights, tech giants, distributed ledgers, consumer protection

A Sustainable Internet

  • blockchain, cryptocurrency, smart devices, energy efficiency, mining, renewable energy, data storage

Sponsor: EU Next Generation Internet (www.ngi.eu) - H2020 grant agreement no. 825652



 
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